Japan "UNESCO" World Heritage Sites - Part 3

May 1, 2015

7. Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara:



The symbol of Nara is the Great Image of Buddha in Todai-ji.  It was erected by Emperor Shomu as a part of the national project to spread Buddhism to save Japan from many national crises such as famine and epidemics.  The Great Buddha with 15-meter height, making it the world's largest bronze image, is sitting in a hall which is also registered in the Guiness Book of Records, as the largest wooden statue in the world.





8. Shrines and Temples of Nikko:



In ancient Japan, Nikko was a famous sacred training place for the mountain worshippers.  "Tokugawa IEYASU", the first "Shugun" in Edo period, wrote in his will that he should be burried after death in Nikko, which is located in the north from Edo (now Tokyo) city.  Then, the shrine of "Tosho-gu" was built after his death.  There are approximately 5,000 colorful carvings on the buildings and gates in Tosho-gu.  These carginvs convey the message that Tokugawa Shogun was the right ruler for Japan. 






9.  Gusuku (Castle) Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu:



Okinawa was originally called "Ryukyu", an independent kingdom with unique culture.  Located in the middle of three countries, China, Korea and Japan, it was developed as a main base of international trade.  Thereafter, it was controlled by Shimazu (now Kagoshima) domain in the Edo period and was colonized by Japan during Meiji period.  During the World War II, Okinawa became the only battlefiled in Japan, fighting with Americans.  

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